New Buildings and 'Change of Use'

Fire Safety Information (Buildings) | Maintenance of fire safety measures | Miscellaneous fire safety offences | Frequently asked questions | New buildings and 'change of use'

Where a new building is proposed, or a change of use of an existing building is proposed, a Fire Safety Schedule (in accordance with section 168 of the Environmental Planning & Assessment Regulation 2000), must be issued which specifies the fire safety measures (both current and proposed) that are to be implemented in the building. The extent of the required fire safety measures to be implemented in the building are to be assessed by a suitably qualified person/company.

Where a new building has been completed, and prior to issue of an Occupation Certificate, or prior to the occupation of a building that is the subject of a change of use, a Fire Safety Certificate must be provided in accordance with sections 170 and 171 of the Environmental Planning & Assessment Regulation 2000. The Fire Safety Certificate shall confirm each required fire safety measure identified in the fire safety schedule is capable of performing to the standard identified in the fire safety schedule. The fire safety certificate shall only be issued by a suitably qualified person/company, and must also be provided where a fire safety Order has been issued in relation to a building premises.

An Interim Fire Safety Certificate may be issued on part of a building in accordance with section 173 of the Environmental Planning & Assessment Regulation.

Table 1

Essential fire safety measures

Fire safety measure

         

Building Code of Australia Reference/s

Minimum Standard of Performance

(To be specified in the fire safety certificate/statement)

Access panels, doors and hoppers to fire resisting shafts

Clause C3.13

BCA Clause C3.13

Automatic fail safe devices

Part D2

BCA Part D2

Automatic smoke/fire detection and alarm systems

Clauses C2.3, E2.2, G3.8, Spec E2.2a & Spec G3.8

AS1670.1 (2004)

AS3786 (1993) , as applicable

Emergency lighting

Clauses E4.2 & E4.4

AS2293.1 (2005)

Emergency lifts

Clauses E3.4

AS1735.2 (2001),

AS1735.11 (1986)

Emergency warning & intercommunication systems

Clause E4.9

AS1670.4 (2004)

AS4428.4 (2004)

Exit signs

Clauses E4.5, E4.6 & E 4.8

AS2293.1 (2005)

Fire control centres and rooms

Clauses E1.8 & Spec E1.8

BCA Specification E1.8

Fire dampers

Clauses C3.12, C3.15, E1.8 & Spec E1.8, Part E2, NSW Part H101

BCA Specification C3.4

AS1905.1 (2005) (fire doors)

AS1905.2 (2005) (fire shutters)

AS1735.11 (1986) as applicable

Fire doors

(self-closing or automatic closing)

Clauses C2.13, C3.2, C3.3, C3.4, C3.5, C3.6, C3.7, C3.8, C3.10, C3.11, D2.8, E1.8 & Spec E1.8, Part G3, NSW Part H101

BCA Specification C.34

AS1905.1 (2005) (fire doors)

AS1905.2 (2005) (fire shutters)

AS1735.11 (1986) as applicable

Fire hydrant systems

Clause E1.3

AS2419.1(2005)

Fire seals protecting openings in fire resisting components of the building

Part C3 & Spec C1.1

BCA Clauses C3.12, C3.15, Spec C3.15, AS4072.1 (2005) AS1530.4 (2005)

Fire shutters

Clauses C3.2 & C3.4

AS1905.2 (2005) & Spec C3.4

Fire windows

Clauses C3.2, C3.3, C3.4, C3.8, C3.11

BCA Specification C1.1 & C1.8

Hose reel systems

Clause E1.4

AS2441 (2005)

Lightweight construction

Clause C1.8 & Spec C1.1

BCA Specification C1.1 & C1.8

Mechanical air handling systems

Clauses E1.8, C2.3, C2.5, D1.7, E2.2

Spec E1.8, Part E2, Part F4, Part G3

AS/NZS 1668.1 (1998), Spec E2.2a, E2.2c & G3.8

Perimeter vehicle access for emergency vehicles

Clauses C2.3 & C2.4

BCA Clauses C2.3 & C2.4

Portable fire extinguishers

Clause E1.6

AS2444 (2001)

Safety curtains in proscenium openings

NSW Part H101

BCA NSW Part H101

Smoke & heat vents

Clauses C2.3, E2.2, Part G3, NSW Part H101

BCA Specification E2.2c & AS2665 (2001)

Smoke dampers

Clauses C2.5 & E2.2

AS/NZS 1668.1 (1998)

Smoke detectors and heat detectors

Clause E2.2 & Specification E2.2a

AS1670.1(2004)

AS3786 (1993), as applicable

Smoke doors

Clauses C2.5, C2.14, D1.7, D2.6

BCA Specification C3.4

Solid core doors (self-closing)

Clause C3.11

BCA Clause C3.11

Stand-by power systems

Clause E1.8, Part G3

BCA Spec E1.8 & G3.8

Wall wetting sprinkler and drencher systems

Clauses C3.2, C3.4 & C3.11, Part G3 Spec G3.8, NSW Part H101

BCA Clause C3.4 & AS2118.2

Warning and operational signs

Environmental Planning & Assessment Act 1979 & Regulations, BCA Clause D2.23

Environmental Planning & Assessment Act 1979 & Regulations, BCA Part C

Other fire safety measures, as may be included in the fire safety schedule for the building

As specified in the fire safety schedule

As specified in the fire safety schedule

 Note:

The above table references the current Building Code of Australia provisions and relevant Australian Standards. However, the essential fire safety measures upon the premises may have been designed and installed in accordance with former standards and requirements, as referenced in the fire safety schedule included in the particular approval, certificate or order. The building work may also have been subject to an ‘alternative solution’ under the Building Code of Australia and alternative requirements and standards may be applicable. In such cases, the fire safety statement must reference the standards specified in the fire safety schedule, which was attached to the building approval, construction certificate, complying development certificate or fire safety notice/order. For example, the fire hose reels and fire hydrants installed before approximately 1992 may have been designed and installed in accordance with the former requirements under Specification 10 of Ordinance 70 and not the current Australian Standards. The owner’s building and fire safety contractor or consultant should inspect and verify the particular standard of performance for inclusion in the fire safety statement.

Due to periodic changes to the BCA and Australian Standards, the above references should be checked for accuracy with current standards.